Gilaula block in Shrawasti district is adjacent to Rapti river. Approximately 25% of the land suffers from water submergence. Most of the farmers are marginal, yet there is sufficient dependence on agriculture. The marginal farmers still use bulls for ploughing the fields. 70% of the fuel consumption of the households is fulfilled by cow dung. The soil organic carbon content is 0.21 to 0.40%. Poor soil fertility.
The region has predominantly two agriculture season area. 10% of land is used in zaid season (maize, menthe). The average yield of paddy is 16-20 quintal per acre. The average yield of wheat is 12-15 quintal per acre. Maize, oilseed and pulses also cultivated. Poor availability of quality agriculture inputs, that too not on time.
The landholding pattern of the region, according to the survey conducted, approximately 15% of the farmers are landless, 40% have up to 0.5 acres, 30% have land between 0.5 and 1 acre, 10% of farmers have land between 1 and 3 acres, 70% have between 0.1 to 1 acre and only 15% of farmers have land over 1 acre.
Approximately two-thirds of the households have livestock- bovine @ 1.8 heads. Bullock based ploughing still in practice!